If you’re considering choosing one of the available birth control options & birth control method on the market today, you have many options to select from. For example over-the-counter birth control products, Like types of birth control pills natural family planning, or prescriptions contraceptives.
Birth Control Options & Birth Control Method:
Before you make a commitment to your birth control method, you should make an honest assessment of your relationship, yourself and your partner. A wide variety of contraception can be divided into 5 main categories: Barrier, Hormonal, Long Term, Behavioral (Knowledge-Based) and Sterilization.
Barrier birth control methods physically prevent the sperm to reach an egg. The effectiveness of barrier options could range from 68% to 98%. The most common barrier best birth control methods.
Birth Control Options & Birth Control Method is another way is a cap-shaped device that covers women cervix. It blocks the sperm to pass into the uterus. You must visit a clinic if you decide to go with a cervical cover. It is not recommended if you had toxic shock syndrome.
is a soft and flexible rubber cup that is filled with spermicide and inserted over the cervix. It creates a physical and chemical barrier to stop fertilization. You must visit a clinic to get a proper size for your cervix. It may increase bladder infection and it is not recommended if you have toxic shock syndrome.
(foam, cream, gel, suppository, film) are chemicals usually nonoxynol-9 that kills the sperm. It is easily accessible and could be purchased at any drug store. Spermicides might irritate the vagina and increase the risk of HIV / STI.
is a small and soft piece of synthetic, that has a shape of a bowl with loop attached. It contains spermicide. The sponge is a chemical and physical barrier that blocks and kills the sperm. You can purchase a sponge at any drug store. For women who have had given birth, it is not as effective. It may cause irritation of the vagina if a woman is allergic to spermicides.
is a soft polyurethane pouch that fits inside the vagina. It is pre-lubricated and has a flexible ring at each end of the pouch to hold in place. It catches the sperm and creates a natural filling barrier. It is available at any drug store as well. Female condoms are the only protection from HIV and can be used by women with latex allergies.
is thin latex that is placed over a hard penis. The different styles on the market: lubricated, non-lubricated, ribbed, non-ribbed, clear or flavored. It traps the sperm inside condom so it cannot a woman’s body. Condoms are very cheap and easily available. Condoms may decrease sensation for a male.
There are two types of hormonal birth control methods. Hormonal birth control options could contain estrogen and progestin or progestin only. Hormonal options prevent a woman from ovulation. Progestin thickens the cervical mucus and inhibits the movement of the sperm. Hormonal methods require a doctor’s prescription or visit the clinic. The effectiveness of hormonal methods could range from 92% to 99.7%. These hormonal methods are:
THE PILL (oral contraceptive) contains synthetic hormones that are similar to estrogen and progesterone that your body produces. You’ll require a doctor’s prescription to obtain the pill. Antibiotics will make oral contraceptive less effective. Keep in mind it may cause breast tenderness, nausea, weight gain/loss and might increase blood pressure.
THE PATCH is a bandage-like patch that you need to stick to your skin. It contains synthetic hormones similar to estrogen and progesterone, which absorbed by the skin. A synthetic hormone prevents ovaries from releasing the egg, thickens cervical mucus and affects the lining of the uterus. It is not recommended for smokers over 35. It may increase the chance of breast cancer; increase blood pressure, headaches and mood swings.
VAGINAL RING is a clear flexible and thin circle. It is placed in the vagina and releases small amounts of a synthetic hormone similar to estrogen and progesterone. Synthetic hormones prevent ovulation by thickening cervical mucus and changing the lining of the uterus. The ring must stay in the vagina for three weeks. It may cause vagina irritation, weight gain/loss, breast tenderness, nausea, water retention and may increase the chance of breast cancer.
THE SHOT (Depo Provera or DMPA) is an injection of progestin. Progestin is a synthetic hormone of progesterone that is produced by the body. The shot lasts for a maximum of 12 weeks. It prevents ovulation by thickening cervical mucus and changing the lining of the uterus. It is NOT reversible for three months. It may cause loss of bone density; loss of sex drive, hair loss, depression and it may take a long time to get pregnant after last shot. It usually causes weight gain, periods stop altogether and may decrease the risk of ovarian cancer.
LONG TERM METHODS
Long-term contraception methods are most suitable for women who do not want to have a baby in the nearest future. There are two types available in the market: copper-based and hormone based. In both instances, the health care practitioner must perform the insertion and the removal of the device. The effectiveness of long term options ranges from 99.2% to 99.9% of the birth control implant.
IMPLANON is a soft flexible rod that slowly releases synthetic hormone progestin. The health care practitioner inserts it in the upper inner arm. It works similarly to other hormone-based contraceptives. Implanon last for three years but can be removed at any time. The most common side effect of Implanon is spotting – irregular bleeding,
MIRENA IUD (Intrauterine device) is a small “T” shaped, flexible plastic device with a string attached at the end of the stem. It releases small portions of synthetic progestin hormone. Hormone from IUD causes changes in the cervical mucus, the lining of the uterus and fallopian tubes that prevent the sperm to reach the egg. Mirena could last up to 5 years. The most common side effect is irregular bleeding.
PARAGARD IUD (Intrauterine device) looks similar to Mirena, is a small “T” shaped device with the tiny copper wire wrapped around the stem. It releases copper ions that kill the sperm. ParaGard could last up to 10 years. It is cost effective over time. A side effect that you might encounter is more painful and heavier periods. You should NOT use ParaGard if you are allergic to copper.
Natural contraceptive methods are based on the knowledge and behavior of people to prevent pregnancy. Abstinence is the only contraceptive method that is 100% effective for preventing pregnancy as well as from sexually transmitted diseases (STD). The effectiveness of knowledge-based methods ranges from 73% to 98%.
FERTILITY AWARENESS is learning and knowing the patterns of a woman’s fertile time. By avoiding contact during the fertile time, chances getting pregnant dramatically decrease. To determine the fertile period, charts, thermometer, calendar, and daily monitoring is involved or ovulation tests could be purchased. This type of contraceptive has no health risks or side effects, but it does not protect from HIV / STI.
WITHDRAWAL PULLING OUT is when the penis gets pulled out of vagina right before ejaculation. By keeping sperm outside of a woman’s vagina the sperm doesn’t fertilize the egg, thus pregnancy cannot occur. This type of contraception depends on the male’s self-knowledge and self-control. This method does not have any health risks or side effects. However, it might be difficult for people with a lack of experience to withdraw effectively.
Sterilization method is intended for men and women who have decided that they do not want any more children. This type of birth control option is generally non-reversible and available for both men and women. The effectiveness of the sterilization method is 99.9%. Young adults or teenagers without children may have difficulty in finding a doctor to perform sterilization.
VASECTOMY is the type of sterilization for men. It is a surgical procedure that requires either a urologist or a surgeon. Tubes that connect testicles to the prostate are cut and closed off. This prevents sperm from being released from the penis during the ejaculation. Man’s body would continue to produce semen but without the sperm in it. It is recommended to use other contraceptives for the first 10-20 ejaculations or until the doctor confirms that there is no more sperm in the semen.
TUBAL LITIGATION (“having one’s tubes tied”) is a surgical procedure that usually does not require overnight stay. Fallopian tubes get cut, tied and end cauterized. This prevents the egg to be released for fertilization. Tubal litigation does not affect a woman’s menstrual cycle. It is generally considered a permanent contraceptive and is 99.9% effective.
HYSTERECTOMY is a partial or total surgical removal of female’s uterus. It is irreversible. It permanently prevents women from pregnancy and disease as uterus cancer. Hysterectomy is recommended only if other birth control options have been tried and failed.
Don’t Forget Now:
Using any of the above methods as described here is a personal decision. The purpose of Birth Control Options & Birth Control Method is to allow a woman to enjoy a full range of sexual expression without fear of getting pregnant.