Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children | Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

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Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children acute lymphoblastic leukemia A group of the most common cancer. (Approximately 30% of cancer was found) in children. Include. Acute leukemia. (Acute leukemias) with cumulative embryo cells. (Blastic cells). Created a lot of old, but stopped. (Differentiation) in the phase difference. Some look as lymphoid cells or myeloid cells. However, some cells contain the characteristics of both. Second most common type (approximately 97%). Patients as acute leukemia. Group consists of (1,2).

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children Symptoms:

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children | Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The following types of problems faces when leukemia in children attack given below:

  • Easy bruising
  • Bone and joint pain
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Recurrent infections (like bronchitis or tonsillitis)
  • Abdominal pain (caused by abnormal blood cells ccumulating in organs like the kidneys, liver, and spleen)
  • Hair fall problem
  • Bleed or bruise more easily than usual
  • Feel very tired
  • Get infections more often
  • Lose their appetite
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. (ALL). Found approximately 75% of patients.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia. (AML) or acute. nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL) was approximately 20%. Patients (see Chapter 5).
  • Acute undifferentiated leukemia. (AUL). Rare only 0.5%. Patients only.
  • Acute mixed lineage leukemia. (AMLL) has two types. Is.
  • ALL. Cell embryos at the 2 myeloid associated antigens (MY +. ALL) was approximately 6% of patients with ALL.
  • AML. Cell embryos at the 2 lymphoid associated antigens (LY +. AML) was approximately 17% of patients with AML.
  • Types of chronic leukemia. The creation and accumulation of white blood and souls. (Differentiated) were approximately 3%. Of leukemia in children at birth. (See Chapter 6) include.
  • Chronic myelocytic leukemia. (CML) is divided.
  • Philadelphia chromosome positive. (Ph1 positive) CML. And Juvenile CML. (JCML).
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia. (CLL). Which is found very rare.

These are the main list of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children define clearly in leukemia symptoms.

Causes: 

Acute leukemias in children. In addition to the cancer group, the most common cancer among children then. Is an example of a cancer treatment that works well with Past we have no anti-cancer chemotherapy. These children all died within the time 2-3 months. But now about 60%. Of these patients can survive is up to. 5 year And most of these patients can be considered cured because medication can not even stop to a cancer recurrence. Experience of treatment for these patients as a guideline for the treatment of various types of cancer in children and adults. This chapter will discuss acute leukemia types. ALL.

What is Leukemia:

Acute leukemias. High incidence especially. ALL, which occurs approximately 3-4. Per one hundred thousand children. Or equal to one third. Of all cancers arising in children. Found in all children age But the most common is 4 years (2-5. Years). Found in newborn but not often. The boys over girls. Incidence in some regional differences. Industrial countries have higher incidence in the Asian region. In some countries, such as Bar Africa, North and East. ALL low incidence. However, the incidence of lymphoma over

Treatment:

Treatment Planing must consider important factors.

  1. Diagnosis can be sure is. ALL based on bone marrow examination. View characteristics of blast cells. Standard staining and cytochemical stains. And immunotyping. It is related to prognosis and selection of appropriate treatments.

  2. SRETTHA as consideration and cooperation of parents in bringing patients to receive treatment on a regular basis. Because anti-cancer drugs are expensive and take many years of treatment.

  3. Considered prognostic factors. Patients from receiving the diagnosis. Classified as a type of good or bad prognosis. To select the appropriate treatment plan.

Latest News and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Related Articles:

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children | Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Treatment options depend on: Red blood cell, platelet blood counts and white blood cell.The response to initial treatment and whether there are symptoms: weight loss, chills and fever.

Leukemia Symptoms in Adults are loss of appetite, tiny red spots under the skin (petechiae), low grade fever, weight loss, joint pain, easy bruising caused by low level of platelets in blood.

Symptoms of Leukemia in Women: First occurring signs in the development of acute forms of leukemia are bruising and bleedings, weakness, chills, recurrent infections or lassitude.

Acute Leukemia Survival Rate: survival rate for the patients 20-59 years old is about 30%-40%, for the patients older than 60 years old is about 15%-16% and for the patients older than 70 years is not over 5%.

Cll Leukemia Life Expectancy: The new study have found that approximately 50 percent of CLL (Chronic lymphocytic leukemia) patients who are diagnosed in the early stage of the disease live for more than 12 years.

Symptoms of Leukemia in Children: Weight loss and poor appetite, Very easy bruising, Flu-like symptoms including fevers, chills and night sweats

Is Leukemia Hereditary: Around 8-10% of patients with leukemia (Cll) have a member in family including parent or child with leukemia.

Feline Leukemia Symptoms: These cats may loss of appetite, act lethargic, poor coat condition, have fevers, infections of the skin, skin lesions, stomatitis, weight loss, fatigue, bladder, seizures, lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes), pancytopenia, reoccurring bacterial and viral illness, jaundice, anemia.

AML Leukemia Prognosis: The chance of cure for a specific patient with AML depends on a number of prognostic factors. These factors include Cytogenetics, Myelodysplastic syndrome and other prognostic markers.

Define Leukemia: a type of cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal increase of white blood cells and which is usually accompanied by impaired blood clotting, anemia and enlargement of the lymph nodes, spleen and liver.

How do you get leukemia? You get leukemia when a malignant disease of white blood cells in which there are too many white blood cells in the blood and bone marrow. There are several treatment options for patient with leukemia.

CMML Leukemia is a form of leukemia featuring monocytosis that usually occurs in children under age of 5. The symptoms of chronic myelomoncytic leukemia such as bruising, headaches, infection, sweating, pale skin, enlarged spleen and liver, enlarged lymph nodes and low platelet count.

CLL Leukemia Prognosis (Chronic Leukemia Prognosis): There are several factors that affect the CLL leukemia prognosis (chance of recovery) include: the patient’s overall health, the patient’s response to treatment, the stage of the leukemia disease.

Definition of Leukemia: In leukemia, the bone marrow generates a large number of abnormal white blood cells. These white blood cells don’t function properly (immature). malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer.

Leukemia VS Lymphoma: Lymphoma is a cancer in the lymphatic cells of the immune system. Leukemia is cancer of the white blood cells. Lymphomas are closely associated with lymphoid leukemias, that also originate in lymphocytes but typically involve only circulating blood and also the bone marrow.

B cell Lymphoma Prognosis: Patients with Diffuse large B cell lymphoma 5 year survival rate are 60%. Patients with Chronic lymphocytic lymphoma 5 year survival rate are 50%. Survival rate depends on early detection of B-cell lymphoma.

Lymphoma Symptoms in Adults: weight loss, Anorexia, Lymphadenopathy, Pruritus, Fatigue, Fever of unknown origin, Lack of appetite, Dyspnea, Night sweats and swelling.

Lymphoma Symptoms in Women: Fever of unknown origin (FUO), Weight loss, Drenching night sweats, Shortness of breath, Pruritus (Itchy skin), Feeling very tired.

Mantle Cell Lymphoma Life Expectancy: The overall 5-year survival rate for Mantle cell lymphoma is generally 50 percent (for advanced stage Mantle cell lymphoma) to 70 percent (for limited stage Mantle cell lymphoma).

Is Leukemia contagious? It is not spread from patient with leukemia to other person like a cold or flu. Though the cause of leukemia is usually not known and cannot be identified.

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